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Female beneficiaries of asylum and subsidiary protection on the labour market – Information, mobilisation and integration in Austria, Germany and Norway (FARIM)

Weibliche Asyl- und subsidiär Schutzberechtigte auf dem Arbeitsmarkt – Information, Mobilisierung und Integration in Österreich, Deutschland und Norwegen (FARIM)


The findings of international studies have shown a difference in the employment process of recognized refugees and other migrant groups. Beneficiaries of asylum show a considerably lower employment rate in the first years of their residence but later on catch up with other migrant groups.

Moreover, female beneficiaries of asylum have a higher unemployment rate than their male counterparts although this is not rooted in a lack of interest in employment. There is certainly awareness among female beneficiaries of asylum and subsidiary protection in Austria on the significance of employment for their situation. However, the actual labour market participation lags behind their aspirations. Despite high employment ambitions, female beneficiaries of asylum are not well integrated into the labour market in Austria.

The literature names a range of intersectional factors that cause the poor labour market integration of female beneficiaries of asylum and subsidiary protection. Targeted measures for labour market integration help to overcome one or more of these hampering factors. The FARIM project analyses respective good practices in Austria, Germany and Norway and examines their transferability and applicability. In Austria, the study focuses on four federal provinces: The Tyrol, Upper Austria, Vorarlberg and Vienna. This selection was made to reflect regional differences in labour demands, availabilities of assistance and availability of company-based vocational education and training within Austria.

Research objectives

The overall objective of the study is to provide a basis for further policy and program development aiming at an improved labour market integration of female asylum and subsidiary protection beneficiaries in Austria. For this, the study will provide comprehensive and evidence-based suggestions for the development and improvement of tailor-made and target group-oriented integration measures for this target group in Austria.

Project Duration: January 2020 - December 2021
Funding: Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (Asyl-, Migrations- und Integrationsfonds, AMIF) and the Austrian Federal Chancellery (Bundeskanzleramt, BKA)
Contact: Veronika Bilger, Bernhard Perchinig