Migrants In Countries In Crisis (MICIC)
The Migrants in Countries in Crisis project aims at providing accessible, methodologically robust and policy relevant data on the migration implications of crisis situations in host countries. It does so with the broader objective of informing efforts to strengthen the preparedness of countries of origin, transit and destination and of other relevant actors to address and respond to future crises.
Crisis situations investigated include natural disaster, violent conflict or civil unrest, which have led to a breakdown of or serious challenges to public order, and, as a result, entail a serious threat to the personal safety, physical and psychological integrity and protection of migrants. While focusing on longer term impacts of and responses to crises in countries of destination, origin and transit, the research will also investigate the availability of relevant mechanisms ensuring the protection of migrants before, during and after crisis in countries covered by the research. Six crises situations have been selected as case studies for in-depth research:
- Central African Republic (civil unrest 2014);
- Cote d'Ivorire (civil unrest 2000-2011);
- Lebanon (2006-today, impact on migrant domestic workers);
- Libya (civil unrest 2011);
- South Africa (xenophobic violence 2008-2015);
- Thailand (natural disaster 2011).
The research is conducted as part of a wider project led by ICMPD supporting the global Migrants in Countries of Crisis Initiative. It is coordinated by the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) and is conducted in partnership the International Migration Institute (IMI) of Oxford University. In addition, local research partners are involved in the fieldwork and analysis for the case studies.
The Research employs an interdisciplinary approach to assess the impact of crises on migrants in the countries under study. The research will combine secondary desk research and primary research in the field with relevant stakeholders, including migrants, policy makers and public officials, representatives of international organisations, civil society stakeholders and humanitarian organisations, diaspora organisations, academics and journalists, and employers and recruitment agencies.
Project Duration: 2015 - 2019
Funding: European Commission (DG DEVCO)
Project Coordinator: ICMPD
Project Partners: International Migration Institute (IMI), University of Oxford
Contact: Albert Kraler
Case Studies and Factsheets
Francesca Zampagni, Hassan Boubakri, Remadji Hoinathy, Leander Kandilige, Hamidou Manou Nabara, Sara Sadek, Mohamed ElSayeh, Mahamadou Zongo and Maegan Hendow (2017): Libya: An Unending Crisis – Responses of Migrants, States and Organisations to the 2011 Libya Crisis. MICIC Case Study. Vienna: ICMPD.
Download factsheet in Arabic, English, French
Robtel Neajai Pailey, Henri Yambene Bomono and Remadji Hoinathy (2017): Central African Republic: Central African Republic at a Crossroads – Socio-economic Development Implications of Crisis-induced Returns to Cameroon and Chad. MICIC Case Study. Vienna: ICMPD.
Download factsheet in English, French
Robtel Neajai Pailey, Leander Kandilige, James Suah Shilue and Mahamadou Zongo (2017): Côte d’Ivoire: Côte d’Ivoire at a Crossroads – Socio-economic Development Implications of Crisis-induced Returns to Burkina Faso, Ghana and Liberia. MICIC Case Study. Vienna: ICMPD.
Download factsheet in English, French
Jonathan Crush, Godfrey Tawodzera, Abel Chikanda, Sujata Ramachandran and Daniel Tevera (2017): South Africa: The Double Crisis – Mass Migration From Zimbabwe And Xenophobic Violence in South Africa. MICIC Case Study. Vienna: ICMPD.
Alessandra Bravi, Katharina Schaur, Alexander Trupp, Teeranong Sakulsri, Reena Tadee, Kanya Apipornchaisakul and Sureeporn Punpuing (2017): Thailand: Migration and Natural Disasters - The Impact on Migrants of the 2011 Floods in Thailand. MICIC Case Study.
Maegan Hendow (2018): Improving our responses to migrants caught in crises: Conclusions and policy recommendations for global migration policy-making. MICIC Summary Paper. Vienna: ICMPD
Bernhard Perchinig, Lucas Rasche, Katharina Schaur (2017): Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Policies in the European Union and the MICIC Agenda, MICIC Summary Paper. Vienna: ICMPD.
Maegan Hendow, Robtel Neajai Pailey and Alessandra Bravi (2016): Emerging Findings: A Comparative Study of Six Crisis Situations. MICIC Report. Vienna: ICMPD.
Robtel Neajai Pailey (2016): Long-Term Socio-Economic Implications of 'Crisis-Induced' Return Migration on Countries of Origin. MICIC Research Brief. Vienna: ICMPD.
Bernhard Perchinig (2016): Actors and Stakeholder Involvement in Crisis Mitigation. MICIC Research Brief. Vienna: ICMPD.
Dina Mansour-Ille & Maegan Hendow (2018): From Exclusion to Resistance: Migrant Domestic Workers and the Evolution of Agency in Lebanon, Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies
Video of Lunchtime Conference on 27 November 2017 at the External Cooperation Info Point with an introduction by Mr. Stefano Signore, Head of Unit DEVCO B3 and presentations by Albert Kraler, ICMPD Research Coordinator and Aurelie Sgro, ICMPD Project Manager.
Video available here
Jonathan Crush, Godfrey Tawodzera, Abel Chikanda & Daniel Tevera (2017). The Owners of Xenophobia: Zimbabwean Informal Enterprise and Xenophobic Violence in South Africa. African Human Mobility Review 3(2), online here.
Alessandra Bravi and Katharina Schaur (2017): Migrants in the 2011 Floods in Thailand: Improving Migrants’ Access to Emergency and Rescue Services. In: Lorenzo Guadagno, Mechthilde Fuhrer and John Twigg (eds): Migrants in Disaster Risk Reduction. Practices for Inclusion. Geneva: International Organization for Migration. Strassbourg: Council of Europe, online here pp.71-74.
Maegan Hendow and Dinah Mansour-Ille, with Sally Youssef (2017): Engaging Migrant Domestic Workers in an Emergency: The Case of Lebanon. In: Lorenzo Guadagno, Mechthilde Fuhrer and John Twigg (eds): Migrants in Disaster Risk Reduction. Practices for Inclusion. Geneva: International Organization for Migration. Strassbourg: Council of Europe, online here pp.57-57.
Migrants in Countries in Crisis Initiative (2016): Guidlines to Protect Migrants in Countries Experiencing Conflict or Natural Disaster. Geneva: MICIC Secretariat, online here.