Migrants In Countries In Crisis (MICIC)
aims at providing accessible, methodologically robust and policy relevant data on the migration implications of crisis situations in host countries. It does so with the broader objective of informing efforts to strengthen the preparedness of countries of origin, transit and destination and of other relevant actors to address and respond to future crises.
Crisis situations investigated include natural disaster, violent conflict or civil unrest, which have led to a breakdown of or serious challenges to public order, and, as a result, entail a serious threat to the personal safety, physical and psychological integrity and protection of migrants. While focusing on longer term impacts of and responses to crises in countries of destination, origin and transit, the research will also investigate the availability of relevant mechanisms ensuring the protection of migrants before, during and after crisis in countries covered by the research. Six crises situations have been selected as case studies for in-depth research:
- Libya (civil unrest 2011);
- Central African Republic (civil unrest 2014);
- Côte d’Ivoire (civil unrest 2000-2011);
- Lebanon (2006-today, impact on migrant domestic workers);
- South Africa (xenophobic violence 2008-2015);
- Thailand (natural disaster 2011).
The research is conducted as part of a wider project led by ICMPD supporting the global Migrants in Countries of Crisis Initiative. It is coordinated by the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) and is conducted in partnership the International Migration Institute (IMI) of Oxford University. In addition, local research partners are involved in the fieldwork and analysis for the case studies.
The Research employs an interdisciplinary approach to assess the impact of crises on migrants in the countries under study. The research will combine secondary desk research and primary research in the field with relevant stakeholders, including migrants, policy makers and public officials, representatives of international organisations, civil society stakeholders and humanitarian organisations, diaspora organisations, academics and journalists, and employers and recruitment agencies.
Project Duration: 2015 - 2019
Funding: European Commission (DG DEVCO)
Project Coordinator: ICMPD
Project Partners: International Migration Institute (IMI), University of Oxford
Contact: Albert Kraler
Robtel Neajai Pailey, Henri Yambene Bomono and Remadji Hoinathy (2017): Central African Republic: Central African Republic at a Crossroads – Socio-economic Development Implications of Crisis-induced Returns to Cameroon and Chad
Robtel Neajai Pailey, Leander Kandilige, James Suah Shilue and Mahamadou Zongo (2017): Côte d’Ivoire: Côte d’Ivoire at a Crossroads – Socio-economic Development Implications of Crisis-induced Returns to Burkina Faso, Ghana and Liberia. MICIC Case Study.
Dina Mansour-Ille and Maegan Hendow (2017): Lebanon: Migrant Domestic Workers and the 2006 Crisis. MICIC Case Study.
Jonathan Crush, Godfrey Tawodzera, Abel Chikanda, Sujata Ramachandran and Daniel Tevera (2017): South Africa: The Double Crisis – Mass Migration From Zimbabwe And Xenophobic Violence in South Africa. MICIC Case Study.
Alessandra Bravi, Katharina Schaur, Alexander Trupp, Teeranong Sakulsri, Reena Tadee, Kanya Apipornchaisakul and Sureeporn Punpuing (2017): Thailand: Migration and Natural Disasters - The Impact on Migrants of the 2011 Floods in Thailand. MICIC Case Study.
ICMPD (2017): Central African Republic: The impact of migrant returns from Central African Republic on the socio-economic development of Cameroon and Chad
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ICMPD (2017): South Africa: The impact and responses to xenophobic violence in South Africa by Zimbabwean informal migrant entrepreneurs. MICIC Fact Sheet.
ICMPD (2017): Thailand: The long term consequences of the 2011 floods on migrants from Myanmar, Lao PDR, Cambodia and Vietnam and the role played by the existing migrant registration system. MICIC Fact Sheet.
Maegan Hendow, Robtel Neajai Pailey and Alessandra Bravi (2016): Emerging Findings: A Comparative Study of Six Crisis Situations. MICIC Report.
Robtel Neajai Pailey (2016): Long-Term Socio-Economic Implications of 'Crisis-Induced' Return Migration on Countries of Origin. MICIC Research Brief.
Bernhard Perchinig (2016): Actors and Stakeholder Involvement in Crisis Mitigation. MICIC Research Brief.