Objectives: The overall objective of the project is to develop solutions for protracted displacement situations (PDS) that are better tailored to the needs and capacities of persons affected by displacement. Current policies struggle to find solutions to forced displacement. Refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) are often stuck in ‘limbo’, i.e. living in situations of vulnerability, dependency and immobility, due to continuous cycles of displacement and a lack of durable options. The project will therefore aim at answering the questions whether and how PDS, dependency and vulnerability are related to the factors of connectivity and mobility. It will further look at how in turn, connectivity and mobility can be operationalized to enhance the self-reliance and resilience of displaced people.
Summary: Protracted displacement situations are estimated to affect about 13 million individuals globally, approximately two-thirds of the 20 million refugees today. PDS affects both refugees who have left their countries of origin as well as internally displaced individuals subsisting in precarious living conditions and seeking stability and safety with no prospects of local integration, resettlement, or safe return. TRAFIG will conduct its research by analysing specific sites of exhibited protracted displacement situations throughout Asia, Africa and Europe in order to better understand the daily lives and challenges of those living in PDS, and to ultimately devise new and creative approaches for the alleviation of these problems. Moreover, TRAFIG seeks to explore the relationship between connectivity and mobility, and the realities of protracted displacement situations which increase vulnerability in order to understand how PDS can be challenged.
ICMPD’s policy unit leads the stakeholder engagement and dialogue with policymakers and further seeks innovative options for the exploitation of results. In addition, the unit examines governance frameworks on displacement at the European and global level.
Project lead: BICC (Bonn International Center for Conversion)
Implementing Agency: ICMPD
Project Partners: BICC (Bonn International Center for Conversion), Addis Ababa University, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, CMI (Chr. Michelsen Institute), Danube University Krems, Dignity Kwanza – Community Solutions, FIERI (Forum of International and European Research on Immigration), ICMPD (International Centre for Migration Policy Development), SHARP (Society for Human Rights & Prisoners’ Aid), Universiteit Leiden, University of Sussex, Yarmouk University
Donor: European Commission (Horizon 2020)
Project Duration: January 2019 - December 2021
Countries: DR Congo, Ethiopia, Germany, Greece, Italy, Jordan, Pakistan, Tanzania
Contact: Mr. Martin Wagner; Ms. Marion Noack
Marion Noack (ICMPD), Martin Wagner (ICMPD), and Benjamin Etzold (BICC): Transnational Figurations of Displacement: Exploring new solutions to protracted displacement. TRAFIG Practice Note No.1. June 2019.
Benjamin Etzold, Milena Belloni, Russell King, Albert Kraler and Ferruccio Pastore (2019): Transnational Figurations of Displacement. Conceptualising protracted displacement and translocal connectivity through a process-oriented perspective.TRAFIG Working Paper No. 1. 05 June 2019.