The International Centre for Migration Policy Development is an inter-governmental organisation with UN Observer status, created in 1993 at the initiative of Switzerland and Austria. The purpose of the Centre is to promote innovative, comprehensive and sustainable migration policies, to harmonize and make migration management more efficient, and to function as a service exchange mechanism for governments and organisations in the wider European region. It does so through using a holistic approach: research, capacity building and migration dialogues.
Mr. Michael Spindelegger was appointed Director General of ICMPD as of 1 January 2016.
The main activities of ICMPD are to be found in the area of migration management, including visa policy and border management, asylum and readmission and trafficking in human beings. Another major activity of ICMPD is to support policy relevant research on migration related issues.
Read more on the organisational structure of ICMPD on the ICMPD website
As inter-governmental organisation ICMPD has 14 member states (Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden and Switzerland), and is supported in several ways by 30 European governments. Bilateral co-operation agreements and Memoranda of Understanding have been concluded with Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, Cyprus, Estonia, Georgia, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, FYR Macedonia, Russia, Sri Lanka, Turkey and Ukraine.
ICMPD receives funding from it’s Member States through regular contributions as well as project grants from governments. The European Commission is the biggest donor by way of project grants, followed by Austria, Switzerland, UK and Sweden.
The establishment of the ICMPD took place in the context of the developments around 1989, when European governments were confronted with a changing immigration situation that demanded reforms of immigration policies, asylum and refugee reception systems on a European level. ICMPD should provide a platform for informal consultations and efficient services in this newly emerging landscape of multilateral immigration and asylum co-operation. Since 1993 ICMPD operates as the Secretariat for the “Budapest process”, which aims to incorporate Central and Eastern European countries in the shared asylum and immigration control policies of the EU.
Read more about the history of ICMPD on the ICMPD website